EA leverages existing systems, as defined in the As-Built Architecture, and new development to build capabilities, optimize capacity, manage program costs, and deliver business value on an incremental and frequent basis. Align Strategic and Architectural Planning: The ETB provides inputs to and receives outputs from other levels of enterprise planning. The IRS EA defines both an Enterprise Conceptual Data Model (ECDM) and an Enterprise Logical Data Model (ELDM). Infrastructure: provides computing and communication systems/networks/platforms supporting IRS people and applications. In addition, the EA provides: Tables of Functions – Systems Allocations, Tables of Data Classes – Databases Allocations, Tables of Service Entities – Systems Allocations, Business Services mapped to Domains and Projects/Sources. Designers: support the following design activities: Ensuring that their project scope is unique and well understood by the project team, key stakeholder and sponsors. The JFMIP states that Effective financial management depends upon appropriate control of business transactions, in accordance with internal control standards, and recording business event information in a manner that satisfies multiple users and uses. However due to the high-level nature of the EA, this discussion is limited to identification of the information exchanged on each system interface. Ensuring that their project scope is unique and well understood by the project team, key stakeholders and sponsors. STM also provides leadership and guidance for emerging technologies with the approval of Proof-of-Concepts and Demos. The three-dimensional framework … The following list includes all the Functional Work Products: Traceability of Data and Functional Requirements to Business Processes, Allocation of Functional and Data Requirements to Systems. Which of the following are the three main … Privacy Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes. Provide high level strategic goals from which actionable goals can be derived. The RA manages the complex relationship between projects and releases with planning domains. Business and IT Planners: support the following planning activities: Assessing all proposed business and technology solutions in the context and framework of the Business Architecture to avoid overlaps and duplication of proposed projects. These three dimensions, shown schematically as orthogonal axes in the following figure, help to clarify the architectural functions of Java Enterprise System components. FEAv2 is the implementation of the Common Approach, it provides design and analysis methods to support shared service implementation, DGS, IRM Strategic Plans, and PortfolioStat investment reviews. The product lifecycle status dates provide guidance for technology insertion, product deployment, and version updates as well as identifying when products are no longer supported and must be removed. In order to move the IRS towards the goal of self-healing, self-managed systems, applications, and networks, all devices, systems, applications, processes, and system platforms must participate in the overall systems management strategy. (The categories also address privacy). Load the data into Azure Synapse (PolyBase). (1) All of the existing content, last updated in 2009, has been revised and replaced. Section 508 compliance is a driver for the design of interfaces for all IRS systems. The Location Type Definitions identify and classify all of the distinct types of locations where IRS conducts business (directly or indirectly) or where critical functions are performed in support of IRS business or technical operations. The ESP focuses on the functionality of standards and approved products. It uses EA methods and visualizations to depict the complex interrelationships between the envisioned business capabilities, data, applications and systems, technologies and infrastructure. Data Requirements (Sensitivity Classification of Data Classes). The IRS Technology blueprint is a living document that is continuously reviewed and updated as appropriate. Business Concepts of Operations refers to the framework organizations use to plan out and reach their target state in all domains of change, including organization and location, as well as business process, data, applications and technology. Composite An EA artifact that uses several documentation modeling techniques and / or several types of EA components. A unified enterprise architecture will perform all of the following, except? The EA describes linkages between every Tax Administration Services, Support Delivery of Services and Internal Management of IRS Resources business process as defined in the End-to-End Business Process Views. Ensuring that their business results are consistent with the mission and vision of the Agency. It also includes interfaces, key attributes, and information related to Privacy and Civil Liberties Assessments. It involves firm leadership, a complete knowledge of organizational structure, a … These are then used to develop a set of abstract systems, which in turn define a set of conceptual target-state applications that manage enterprise data on enterprise-approved technology platforms. Application Development: delivers integrated software solutions that address the objectives and priorities of the IRS. These critical services are addressed by the service domains, and include cross-cutting data, infrastructure and security services as well as common business functions that can be leveraged to support business domains. The EA provides a security risk assessment model that supports the Enterprise target systems security architecture. IRS Organization Descriptions, which are part of the IRS EA Organization Model View, identify and describe the organizational entities that comprise the IRS. Ensure that projects take advantage of common infrastructure services in order to get maximum return on investment from a shared infrastructure environment, reduce redundant infrastructure, and enhance the use of common security, privacy, services management, and services delivery policies. A logical data model takes the conceptual model down a level of detail to the concerns of technical staff rather than the business users. IRM Strategic Plan The Role of Enterprise Architecture 3 … The EA describes the future-state business processes that will support the IRS. EA continuously assess the IRS landscape and proactively identifies and validates needed changes. Enterprise Architecture ComponentsEnterprise Architecture components include: 1. Business Information Systems: A Business Information System is a computer-based business information system that is being managed through the Metabase. These performance requirements are primarily based on the performance goals specified in the Process Thread Performance Matrix (provided in the EA’s Performance Architecture section). User and Network Services: delivers premier IT products and services to the IRS, provides a single point of contact for requesting MITS products and services; supports the desktop environment as well as inventory management, workstation software integration, data security. The RA also documents dependencies between different projects and their releases. These programmatic requirements have been mandated by higher authorities and exist independently of EA. This enables high-level impact assessment of investment decisions and programmatic changes on the overall plans for moving toward the target EA. Enterprise architecture (EA) governance is a practice encompassing the fundamental aspects of managing a business. (Sensitivity classification indicates whether a data class is sensitive or non-sensitive and, if sensitive, its sensitivity type [for example, Taxpayer, Employee Personal, Law Enforcement].) Specifically, this risk assessment estimates the relative degree of security risk associated with major system components. The description is divided into following set of document segments, which are defined according to the IRS layers and interfaces: The IRS EA provides an overview of the Technical Architecture from the perspective of the three technical views in the Enterprise Lifecycle (ELC) methodology. The Functional Work Products define and mandate what the IRS Enterprise must do. Infrastructure architecture: Process definitions that provide a robust description of processes and sub-processes, including key activities, data inputs and outputs, and security and privacy considerations. The RA provides an integrated view of the IRS-wide consolidated IT project portfolio and its effect on the Enterprise Architecture and IT environment. Export the data from SQL Server to flat files (bcp utility). Third party support also is addressed. To demonstrate alignment and support of the FEA Performance Reference Model. While the business architecture covers concepts related to business process, organization, and location, the technical architecture covers concepts and strategies related to data, applications, and technology. A Business Service is a complete business transaction or interaction that the IRS conducts with a customer, partner, or stakeholder. The following list includes all of the work products from the Business Architecture and also includes the Programmatic Requirements. Security Processing Thread: shows the exercise of identification and authentication, access control, and audit mechanisms—both in the infrastructure and in an application—in a representative scenario. The matrix is provided to assist in business case development and provide stronger justifications of proposed improvements to IRS business processes by demonstrating a clearer line of sight to IRS business results. Nancy Seiger Release Architecture is an incremental step along the transition path. The EA is composed of the following three major components and many sub-components within each major component: As-Built Architecture including all information technology applications. Future versions of the Business Architecture are expected to provide more complete specification of performance goals. Common Business Services: includes capabilities that are applicable across business domains and systems, such as case management, workflow management, and document and image management. The Architecture Content Framework uses the following three categories to describe the type of architectural work product within the context of use: A deliverable is a work product that is … Data models of more than a few data classes are organized as a hierarchy of subject areas, each more narrowly defined than the subject area containing it, until they are small enough to allow comprehension of the entire subject area in a diagram or two. The EA is essential to the successful evolution of IRS IT systems and the Agency’s necessary accommodation of periodic business changes, and its development of modernized systems. Three high-level components to the Enterprise Architecture Framework were defined in the Enterprise Architecture Development Tool-Kit V2.0. It encompasses three tiers of the distributed computing architecture and includes data and voice networks, call centers and video communication and other physical components of IRS' IT environment. Filing and Payment Compliance: includes collecting delinquent tax obligations and securing delinquent tax returns. Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 16-Jun-2020, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) and Certification, Employers engaged in a trade or business who pay compensation, Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS), Major components and sub-components of the EA, IRS Strategic Goals and Business Process Alignment, Business Process / Functional and Data Requirement Matrix, Updating the Enterprise Technology Blueprint, Using the Enterprise-Wide Sequencing Plan, Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration, 2.15.1 Enterprise Architecture (EA) Overview. Enterprise Architecture Requirements are required by federal law, IRS enterprise architecture principals, and vision and strategy mandates. Integral business and technical governing principles serve as the primary component of the IRS Enterprise Architecture. Achieving balance and alignment within the IT project portfolio. The Business Work Products also define the overall direction for the business systems. The EA provides summaries of organization-level business concepts of operations (ConOps) that have been completed, processed, and approved for inclusion in the EA. These Work Products define the measures necessary to protect sensitive IRS assets, including taxpayer information. The Target Architecture comprises the Business Architecture, the Systems Architecture, Application Architecture, Data Architecture, Security Architecture and the Technical Architecture. The following list includes all the Security, Section 508, and Privacy Work Products: Federal Laws and Regulations Applicable to Security, Section 508, and Privacy, Security Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes, Section 508 Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes, Security Categories of ETA Business Processes, Sensitivity Classification of ECDM Data Classes, Traceability of Privacy and Technical Security Requirements to Business Process Security and Privacy Considerations, Crosswalk of NIST SP 800-53 and ETA Security Requirements, Allocation of Security Mechanisms to Systems Components. The Enterprise-Wide Sequencing Plan (EWSP) provides an evolving view of programs and projects and graphically depicts their relationships and impacts across the enterprise. This business vision and strategy is then documented within the EA’s Enterprise Transition Plan. The web-based Change Request management application is accessed by IT partners to modify the ESP. The Joint Financial Management Improvement Program (JFMIP) identifies controls as part of its mandatory requirements for federal financial management systems. To achieve this objective, segment architecture is used to identify the enterprise segments and to link enterprise-level planning with the development and implementation of solution architecture. This reference architecture uses the WorldWideImporterssample database as a data source. In its framework for Federal Financial Management Systems, the JFMIP states that “Effective financial management depends upon appropriate control of business transactions, in accordance with internal control standards, and recording business event information in a manner that satisfies multiple users and uses. While the first model shows the form of the systems security architecture, the second model shows something of its behavior. As shown in Figure 1-16, the enterprise edge module consists … The goals of defining these common decisions are to: Ensure that projects deliver functionality that can be integrated and maintained in the IRS environment. In addition, the blueprint is available online for all IRS employees and contractors with access to the intranet, and anyone may contact the EA team with proposed changes, which the EA team evaluates, prioritizes and incorporates as appropriate. An official website of the United States Government. An organization’s ConOps is typically a key driver of changes to any of the six domains of change – organization, location, business process, data, applications and/or technology. Application architecture. Today, most web-based applications are built as multi-tier applications. The core IRS business processes support the strategic goals as described in the Strategic Plan. Further, the ETB is regularly socialized through briefings, and these sessions provide a forum for stakeholders to provide feedback. A security processing thread presented in Security Processing Thread emphasizes the involvement of infrastructure components as an employee logs on to an IRS workstation and begins working on a filing and payment compliance case. Sensitivity Classification of ECDM Data Classes: Identifies the sensitivity classification of each of the data classes of the Enterprise Conceptual Data Model (ECDM). Enterprise Operations: provides efficient, cost effective, secure, and highly reliable computing services for all IRS business entities and taxpayers. Process flow diagrams that illustrate functions within major processes (shows interrelationships between subprocesses). 2. Subject. It comprises the following three topics: The IRS EA specifies the external and internal system interfaces. Financial Analysts: support business-case development for the following purposes: To demonstrate alignment of proposed projects (E300 proposed funding request) to the IRS business processes and the Treasury BRM. The IRS EA discusses Enterprise System Management (ESM) as the basis for designing and deploying a complete systems management capability at the IRS. The ETS also provides an organization-wide view of programs and projects across the agency, giving leadership the visibility to use the EA for organization-wide planning. The processing threads consider aspects of processing tax returns and payments, initiating compliance actions, and providing customer support and taxpayer education. This section includes the scope, purpose, and objectives of Enterprise Architecture. ESM mechanisms will be used to execute and enforce most of these policies and procedures. Oracle White Paper in Enterprise Architecture—The Oracle Enterprise Architecture Framework 3 Enterprise Architecture Frameworks Creating an Enterprise Architecture from scratch can be a daunting task, so EA frameworks were created to simplify the process and guide an architect through all areas of architecture … Third party online request for a taxpayer transcript. Functions that are depicted in activity diagrams using the Unified Modeling Language (UML) notation. Two risk estimates are given: (1) for the component unprotected by any security mechanisms and (2) for the component protected by the security mechanisms described in the Allocation of Security Mechanisms to System Components model of the Security Architecture. Inform IT Investment Prioritization and Decision Making: The ETB provides a framework for identifying and evaluating potential investments and ensuring their alignment with a common enterprise vision. The IRS Release Architecture (RA) is an IRS near-term IT plan encompassing all major and selected (strategic) non-Major IT projects planned for delivery within a sliding timeframe that includes the next three fiscal years. The IRS EA describes high-level system performance requirements. In the IRS EA, logical systems are defined across the Enterprise. The Business Architecture comprises the following content areas: Business Services and Processes, including a description of an initial set of Business Services. It describes the external entities with which the IRS interacts. Current) in the IRS and when the products are Sunset through the product lifecycle management process. The IRS mission and strategic goals are implemented through a five-year plan that drives information technology investment decisions based on priorities around modernizing front-line tax administration and supporting technical infrastructure. 1 / 1 point Enterprise architecture consists of the following three major components: application architecture, information architecture, and technical architecture hardware, software, and telecommunications business strategy, business goals, and objectives process modeling, process documentation, and business process reengineering View Feedback 1 / 1 point Which of the following are advantages of cloud computing… Employing a set of comprehensive sources of guidance including the Enterprise Lifecycle (ELC) Methodology, the ConOps Guidance Toolkit, and the supplementary materials available on the IRS EA website. The ESM solution deployed at the IRS must be flexible enough to adapt to a wide variety of operational models. The ECDM is organized into three top-level subject areas, each of which also divides into three subject areas. Provide looser links to the business strategy allowing the organization additional flexibility Which of the following represents a … Establishing and Maintaining An Enterprise Architecture Capability The IRS EA provides a detail description of the IRS layers and interfaces, incorporating graphical detail depicting the IRS Enterprise Target Systems architecture. While functional roles are identified, organizational roles are not identified, because these change over time. Chief Counsel: provides legal guidance and interpretative advice to the IRS, Treasury and to taxpayers on all matters pertaining to the interpretation, administration and enforcement of the Internal Revenue code. Therefore, they have been supplemented by information from sources such as the tax statistics area of http://www.irs.gov. The Enterprise Technology Blueprint is a living document that is continuously reviewed and updated as appropriate. The TR content fosters a common understanding of the IRS’s future technical direction among the project stakeholders and aligns the specific business needs to the enterprise programs, IT initiatives, and technology strategies. The higher level external entities are listed below: EE-1.2 – Organizational Taxpayers (not shown on context diagram), EE-2.0 – Third Parties (not shown on context diagram), EE-2.4 – Other Third Parties (not shown on context diagram), EE-2.4.1 – Other Taxpayer/IRS Intermediaries. This hierarchical organization parallels the Enterprise Conceptual Data Model’s definitions of taxpayer and third party. Term. The multi-tier approach includes web, application, and database tiers of servers. Table 8 enumerates and describes each of the components. The common architecture decisions for technology, application, and data model views (that is, the Technical Architecture) are documented in the Application Architecture (Official Use Only), Data Architecture, and Conceptual Technology Architecture models provided by the EA. The Standards and Technology Standards (STM) organization is responsible for administering the configuration and change-management processes. In addition, the ETB is available online for all IRS employees and contractors with access to the intranet, and anyone may contact the EA team with proposed changes, which EA evaluates, prioritizes, and incorporates as appropriate. Allocation of Security Mechanisms to System Components: Allocates the security mechanisms specified in the Security Requirements model to target logical business systems. Week 3 Quiz.docx - 1 1 point Enterprise architecture consists of the following three major components application architecture information architecture, 81 out of 82 people found this document helpful, Enterprise architecture consists of the following three major, application architecture, information architecture, and technical architecture, hardware, software, and telecommunications, business strategy, business goals, and objectives, process modeling, process documentation, and business process reengineering, Which of the following are advantages of cloud computing? The purpose of the Role Definitions section is to identify and classify roles that support the core business of the IRS; it is not intended to be an exhaustive list of roles. This enables high-level impact assessment of investment decisions. Without enforcement of the EA, the IRS risks buying software and building systems that are duplicative, incompatible, and unnecessarily costly to maintain and integrate. As such, these Work Products are the core of the IRS EA. University of Maryland, University College, Quiz 4 Process Improvement Supported by IT.pdf, University of Maryland, University College • IFSM 300, University of Maryland, University College • IFSM 300 7981, University of Maryland, University College • IFSM 300 6394. The Enterprise-wide Sequencing Plan describes how the existing and proposed investments align to the IRS vision and strategy. To manage the scale and complexity of this system, an architectural framework provides tools and approaches that help architects abstract from the level of detail at which builders work, to bring enterprise design tasks into focus and produce valuable architecture … Each release architecture specifies the state of the enterprise after the system deployments planned for a fiscal year. The OEAF: Information Architecture Domain consists of the following components:

enterprise architecture consists of the following three major components

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