[69], In October 2018, under the predominant male guardianship system, a Saudi woman lost a legal battle to marry the man she wanted to because he played a musical instrument, many conservative Muslims in the kingdom consider music to be “haram” (forbidden). Permissions Religious cleric Salman al-Awda, who had been arbitrarily detained since September 2017, remained at risk of the death penalty after the public prosecution called for his execution on charges related to, among other things, his alleged affiliation to the Muslim Brotherhood and his calls for government reforms and regime change in Arab countries. [109], In 2014, Saudi Arabia enacted new "anti-terrorism" legislation. Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice, annual survey of political and civil rights, mass executions of 37 imprisoned civilians, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, treatment of minorities and non-Muslim foreigners, Religious discrimination against Neopagans, Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association, Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in the Arabian Peninsula, Association for the Protection and Defense of Women's Rights in Saudi Arabia, European Saudi Organisation for Human Rights, Human rights in Muslim-majority countries, Timeline of first women's suffrage in majority-Muslim countries, "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – 2004", Worst of the Worst 2010. However, he was released and returned home in November that year. [130], In November 2014 at al-Dalwah village in the eastern province of al-Ahsa, three unknown masked gunmen opened fire at a Husseiniya, or Shi'ite religious center, killing eight and injuring dozens. Residents also reported soldiers shooting at homes, cars and everyone in streets. US concerned of terrorist attacks against its citizens in Saudi Arabia… The golfer cited she cannot ignore what organizations like Amnesty International have highlighted. [58] It also granted divorced women the ability to retain custody of children without petitioning. [192] He had been sentenced to seven years in prison and 600 lashes for "insulting Islam", but this sentence was changed to 1,000 lashes, 10 years in prison, and additionally a fine of 1,000,000 Saudi riyals. Saudi Arabia remains a key economic and security ally of the United Kingdom. Thus, women will be soon allowed to travel abroad without the need of getting the permission of their male guardians. [188], D+Z, a magazine focused on development, reports that hundreds were arrested in order to limit freedom of expression. At least five defendants were sentenced to flogging of 1,000 to 2,500 lashes. [276], In July 2019, following increased pressure from non-profit organization Human Rights Foundation, Nicki Minaj pulled out of the Jeddah World Fest, Saudi Arabia in support of the nation's suppressed women and LGBTQ community. Citizens' rights in Saudi Arabia can be described as follows: The ruler of the country is a hereditary king and people have no role in electing their rulers. [281], In April 2020, Amnesty International, amidst reports of Saudi PIF's taking over of 80 per cent of Premier League club Newcastle United, stated that Saudi's involvement in English football is “glamorising” the kingdom's “abysmal human rights record”. Some of these death sentences appeared to have been based solely on “confessions” that the defendants said were obtained through torture or other ill-treatment. [82] A Saudi woman made news in 2007 when she became the first woman to get her pilot's licence. HRW launched a global counter campaign against the Saudi government’s efforts towards whitewashing its dismal rights record. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Pinalpatel2893 18 hours ago Log in to add a comment [287], On 15 September 2020, Germany spoke at the United Nations Human Rights Council on behalf of the European Union, demanding for the release of human rights activists jailed in Saudi Arabia and the arrest and prosecution of Jamal Khashoggi’s killers to bring justice to The Washington Post journalist. In January, the Shura Council approved regulations for early marriage that prohibit marriage contracts for girls and boys under the age of 15. [201], In September 2018, the Right Livelihood Award awarded three jailed Saudi human rights activists with the "alternative Nobel prize" award. Regarded on a par with terrorists, atheists in Saudi Arabia suffer imprisonment, marginalisation, slander, ostracisation and even execution. His family feared the punishment could kill him. Shiites are banned from building mosques and other religious centers, and are forced to perform Friday prayers in homes (Al-Hassan). [160], During the crackdown the Saudi government demolished several historical sites and many other buildings and houses in Qatif. The legal system is based on Shari'a (Islamic law), with Shari'a courts basing their judgments largely on a code derived from the Quran and the Sunna. [267], Saudi Arabia lost its bid to win a seat at the UN Human Rights Council – a 47-seat body that claims to protect and promote human rights on the world scale. The main aim of this ban is to protect labors from being directly exposed to the sun and high-temperature. [137], Much of education in Saudi Arabia is based on Sunni Wahhabi religious material. Pakistani columnist Mohammad Taqi has written that "the Saudi regime is also acutely aware that, in the final analysis, the Shiite grievances ... stem from socioeconomic deprivation, as a result of religious repression and political marginalization bordering on apartheid. They were accused of "plotting to celebrate Christmas," according to a December 26 statement released by the police branch. [73], During April and May 2020, Princess Basmah bint Saud bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, who has been imprisoned for the past fourteen months, expected to be granted mercy and released, but wasn't. The case was internationally condemned and put a considerable amount of pressure on the Saudi legal system. [124]. Women’s rights in Saudi Arabia have been heavy-handedly limited compared to the rights of women in many of its neighboring countries due to the strict interpretation and application of sharia law. [34] In 2005 there were 191 executions, in 2006 there were 38, in 2007 there were 153, and in 2008 there were 102. The report was released days before Saudi Arabia hosted G20 summit with female empowerment a fundamental part of its agenda. The Saudi delegation responded defending "legal traditions" held since the inception of Islam 1,400 years ago and rejected interference in its legal system. [283], In June 2020, on reports of Saudi Arabia's takeover of Premier League club Newcastle United, a group of 16 MPs and peers wrote to the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson. The Human rights of Saudi Arabia are specified in article 26 of the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia. Article 37: Houses are inviolable. [194], In July 2015, Waleed Abulkhair, a prominent human rights lawyer, founder of Monitor of Human Rights in Saudi Arabia and recipient of 2012 of the Palm prize for human rights, was sentenced to 15 years of prison by a special criminal court in Riyadh for vague offences such as "setting up an unlicensed organization. In the late 1990s, the government started to recognize World AIDS Day and allowed information about the disease to be published in newspapers. Amari was held in solitary confinement since then. This form of religious apartheid is as intolerable as was apartheid based on race." The legislature and the executive are selected by the king and the judges are also appointed by him. From a very young age, students are taught that Shiites are not Muslims and that Shiism is a conspiracy hatched by the Jews, and so Shiites are worthy of death. Others were executed following unfair trials in previous years. It was unclear whether the children would be excused from 10-year prison terms. So the message that will be given to people like Crown Prince is extremely important,” Hatice Cengiz quoted to BBC. [25][26] Reports also said, he was whipped so severely, he could not sleep on his back for days. [181] Humans Rights Watch believes that the conviction of a Syrian national, `Abd al-Karim Mara'I al-Naqshabandi – executed in 1996 for undertaking `the practice of works of magic and spells and possession of a collection of polytheistic and superstitious books`—was actually resulted from a dispute with his employer Prince Salman bin Sa'ud bin `Abd al`Aziz, a nephew of King Fahd. The documents would enable the recipients to work and access education and health care. In 2019 alone, over 2 million foreign workers were arrested and 500,000 were deported. Over 100 of them had been living in a shelter in Saudi Arabia after alleging that their employers had subjected them to physical, psychological and sexual abuse. The Declaration is not legally binding, but is the basis of international human rights law. The US Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013 notes that in Saudi Arabia, only citizens have access to "education, health care, public housing, courts and judicial procedures, legal services, and other social services" (US 27 Feb. 2014, 26). [50] Occasionally they are asked to go to Saudi embassies for no stated reason. The authorities continued to arbitrarily detain human rights defenders for prolonged periods without bringing them before a judge or charging them. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. Earlier in November 2013, the authorities received criticism for the way they have planned and handled the crackdown on illegal workers. Kutbi's lawyer and son said half the sentence was suspended, but that he was also banned from writing for 15 years and travelling abroad for five, and fined US$26,600. According to reports, over 900 Bangladeshi domestic migrant workers returned home from Saudi Arabia in 2019. In 1988 fatwas passed by the country's leading cleric, Abdul-Aziz ibn Baz denounced the Shias as apostates. By definition women and men are citizens of Saudi Arabia. Homosexuality is frequently a taboo subject in Saudi Arabian society and is punished with imprisonment, corporal punishment and capital punishment. Saudi citizenship benefits stretch a long way: from medical to other great some benefits. Courts in Saudi Arabia continue to sentence people to be punished by torture for … [165], 20,000 residents were forced to flee from their homes to survive. On April 17, 2011, Nadhir al-Majed, a prominent 39-year-old writer, was arrested at school and detained for 15 months. On 25 October 2018, one of the Saudi public prosecutors told the media that Khashoggi's murder was "premeditated". [196][197], On July 15, 2015, Saudi Arabian writer and commentator Zuhair Kutbi was sentenced to four years in prison without clear charges following an interview at the Rotana Khaleejia TV channel in which he discussed his ideas for peaceful reform in Saudi Arabia to become a constitutional monarchy, and talked about combatting religious and political repression. [1] Amnesty International received no response. Public demonstrations or any public act of dissent are forbidden. [92], On 5 November 2020, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) called on Saudi Arabia to release all the women human rights defenders in detention, including Loujain al-Hathloul, whose health was deteriorating because of her hunger strike that started on 26 October 2020.[93]. Today, only the Green Party of Saudi Arabia remains, although it is an illegal organization. On January 18, 2017, he was sentenced to seven years in prison and a seven-year travel ban; he has also not been permitted to call his family or receive visits. [261] In March 2019 it opposed international investigation of the 2 October 2018 assassination of Jamal Khashoggi. Chapter 5: Rights and Duties   |   [141], Human Rights Watch reports that Shiites want to be treated as equals and desire to be free from discrimination (Human Rights Watch). While Saudi Arabia’s overall human rights record is abhorrent, such violations are exasperated exponentially for women. The authorities escalated repression of the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly. [103], There are 70,000 stateless people in Saudi Arabia, also known as Bedoon. [50], May 15, 2020, marks the two-year anniversary of the detained women rights activists. Saudi Arabia has also not provided humanitarian help to trapped citizens of Awamiyah. "[77] Many could not afford chauffeurs, and the few buses that do operate in cities and towns across the Kingdom do not follow a set schedule. Saudi Arabia remained a member of the coalition imposing economic and political sanctions on Qatar, along with Bahrain, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). [22], Walid Fitaihi is a physician who studied and worked in the US in the 1980s. As of September 2018[update], al-Hamid and al-Qahtani, founding members of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association, were serving prison sentences of 11 and 10 years respectively, according to the charges for "providing inaccurate information to foreign media, founding and operating an unlicensed human rights organization"; while al-Khair, a lawyer and activist, was serving a sentence of 15 years for "disobeying the ruler". Here are the latest arrests", "Saudi Arabia: Free Adult Children of Ex-Official", Dispatches: Obama Refuses to Talk Human Rights in Saudi Arabia, "Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in the Arabian Peninsula CDHRAP", "Middle East organizations and web resources", "Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) (An Establishing Declaration) — Riyadh, Saudi Arabia — Monday, October 12, 2009", "ACPRA demands the immediate unconditional release of its co-founder, Mohammed Al-Bjady", "Human Rights First Society – Human Rights Monitoring and Advocacy in Saudi Arabia", "Saudi Arabia ramps up clampdown on human rights activists", "Saudi Arabia: Prominent Human Rights Defender Risks 5 Years of Prison for cooperating with the UN", "Saudi Arabia: Lengthy sentences for reformists a worrying development", "Reform activists in Saudi Arabia must receive fair appeal hearings", "Sectarian protests flare anew in Saudi Arabia", "Saudi police 'open fire on civilians' as protests gain momentum", "Is Saudi Arabia waging war on its Shiite minority? The country holds a reservation to the Convention on the Rights of the Child against any provisions that are in conflict with sharia law;[113] Article 14 gives freedom of "thought, conscience and religion" to children. The draft regulations also stipulated that applications for a medical report to assess the maturity of individuals aged under 18 wishing to marry and for the marriage itself must be heard by a specialized court. [11], In 2016, a Saudi man was sentenced to 2,000 lashes, ten years in prison and a fine of 20,000 riyals (US$5,300) for making tweets critical of Islam, and denying the existence of God. 2) in practice torture and using torture to extract forced confessions of guilt remains common. The rights of Saudi citizens have long been a subject of controversy in the international community. Rights groups have condemned the act by calling it an escalation of an ongoing crackdown on dissent. It is reported that the Saudi government insisted that Jewish religious services not be held on their soil but that Jewish soldiers be flown to nearby US warships. The organization has called for his immediate release and documented his arrest as a threat to freedom of expression in the Kingdom. Amnesty urged Saudi authorities to immediately release all arbitrarily detained migrants, and improve the conditions of detention centers. [58] Men and women are also still segregated on public transport, beaches, and pools. [58] It began offering physical education for girls and said it would start licensing female-only gyms. Discrimination against the Shi’a minority remained entrenched. Torture is used as a punishment.   |   [85][86], In 2017, a royal decree was issued to allowing women to drive. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. He was convicted on charges concerning his peaceful criticism of the human rights situation in his country. The authorities granted hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals the right to work and access to education and health care, but arrested and deported hundreds of thousands of irregular migrant workers, who were exposed to labour abuses and exploitation by employers and torture when in state custody. [135] Also late 2011, a prominent Shiite Canadian cleric, Usama al-Attar. If one of the parents is a national of Saudi Arabia, the child will usually be granted local nationality and may later become a national of Saudi Arabia … Activists believe that the majority were released without charge. The unit was directed to hack into the email accounts of the journalists probing into the various crises involving the royal court. Taheri, Amir. The claim was made based on what is said to be a confidential internal order, signed in the name of Saud al-Qahtani, a close aide of the crown prince Mohammed bin Salman also named in the murder of Khashoggi. [citation needed], There has been virtually no Jewish activity in Saudi Arabia since the beginning of the 21st century. With ongoing concerns about a lack of progress on women’s rights in Saudi Arabia, the UK Government is likely to come under increased pressure to take a tougher approach with its ally. [25][26] The daily report also said that, the Saudi government tortured him with electrical shocks, "what appears to have been a single session of torture that lasted about an hour". If you are talented and passionate about human rights then Amnesty International wants to hear from you. Aim is to localise marketing profession by upgrading skills and professional standards RFEF President Luis Rubiales, defended the claims and said, he could assure women would be allowed to enter without any restrictions. The authorities denied that anyone had been wounded, and played down the ensuing arrests of Shia pilgrims. [203] The same year, British media group, The Guardian, claimed that it was being targeted by a cybersecurity unit in Saudi Arabia. Citizens are to pay allegiance to the King in accordance with the holy Qur'an and the tradition of the Prophet, in submission and obedience, in times of ease and difficulty, fortune and adversity. The torture of these prisoners was also found to be prevalent.[189]. [220], According to Human Rights Watch annual report 2016, Saudi Arabia continued to prosecute pro-reform activists and dissidents. Dr. Fitaihi was arrested at the Ritz Carlton hotel in November 2017 and moved to al-Hair prison south of the capital. [60] In April 2010, a new, optional ID card for women was issued which allows them to travel in countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Currently, the authorities keeping him under detention refuse to share his whereabouts or status of health and well-being, as per Human Rights Watch.
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