European birch trees yield lumber that is a creamy white, with the heartwood and sapwood hard to distinguish. The wood is lighter than the North American species. Young branches have whitish resin warts and the twigs are slender, hairless, and often pendulous. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. This publication is available in PDF format only. It is also distinguished cytologically, silver birch being diploid (with two sets of chromosomes), whereas downy birch is tetraploid (four sets of chromosomes). Smooth in … The European white birch is a tree that prefers cold weather and that can be found in high-elevation areas and... Crafts. function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} 'Youngii' has dense, twiggy, weeping growth with no central leader and requires being grafted onto a standard stem of normal silver birch. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. //--> The highly-figured material is cut for expensive veneer and used in high-end applications. Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch: Family: Betulaceae: USDA hardiness: 2-6: Known Hazards: The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. The tip is very long and pointed and the base is almost straight across. Hybrids between the two are known, but are very rare, and being triploid, are sterile. "It was popular for kitchens in the 50s and it remains popular today. "Silver Birch" redirects here. [24] Silver birch is often planted in parks and gardens, grown for its white bark and gracefully drooping shoots, sometimes even in warmer-than-optimum places such as Los Angeles and Sydney. gtag('config', 'UA-1658554-11', { [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. Family: Betulaceae (View Members of Betulaceae) Genus and Species: Betula pendula. As they are shallow-rooted, they may require water during dry periods. [26], Birch brushwood is used for racecourse jumps and besom brooms. jQuery.extend(Drupal.settings, {"basePath":"\/","pathPrefix":"","ajaxPageState":{"theme":"vance_woodworkingnetwork","theme_token":"zPlovRCs9usrrOP3okfID3Fl0mZT93y8ScYDysBoXOg","js":{"0":1,"1":1,"2":1,"\/\/ajax.googleapis.com\/ajax\/libs\/jquery\/1.10.2\/jquery.min.js":1,"3":1,"misc\/jquery-extend-3.4.0.js":1,"misc\/jquery-html-prefilter-3.5.0-backport.js":1,"misc\/jquery.once.js":1,"4":1,"5":1,"6":1,"7":1,"misc\/drupal.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_more\/js\/vance_more_load_more.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/apachesolr_sort\/apachesolr_sort.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/formalize\/lib\/javascripts\/jquery.formalize.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_video_players\/js\/vancePlayer.js":1,"https:\/\/jwpsrv.com\/library\/sGZ9VMDuEeOH7SIACi0I_Q.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/patched\/disqus\/disqus.js":1,"8":1,"https:\/\/apis.google.com\/js\/plusone.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/picturefill.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/imagesLoaded\/imagesloaded.pkgd.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/masonry\/dist\/masonry.pkgd.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/jquery.simplemodal.1.4.4.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/bootstrap\/assets\/javascripts\/bootstrap\/tab.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/modernizr.custom.71422.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/flexibility.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/base.js":1,"9":1},"css":{"modules\/system\/system.base.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.menus.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.messages.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.theme.css":1,"modules\/comment\/comment.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_api\/date.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_popup\/themes\/datepicker.1.7.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_repeat_field\/date_repeat_field.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/domain\/domain_nav\/domain_nav.css":1,"modules\/field\/theme\/field.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/formalize\/lib\/stylesheets\/formalize.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/logintoboggan\/logintoboggan.css":1,"modules\/node\/node.css":1,"modules\/poll\/poll.css":1,"modules\/search\/search.css":1,"modules\/user\/user.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/views\/css\/views.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/ctools\/css\/ctools.css":1,"http:\/\/cf.kampyle.com\/k_button.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_listings\/css\/vance_listings.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/styles\/stylesheets\/print.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/bootstrap\/assets\/stylesheets\/bootstrap.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/vance_woodworkingnetwork\/styles\/stylesheets\/woodworkingnetwork-modules.css":1,"https:\/\/fonts.googleapis.com\/css?family=Crimson+Text:400,600,700":1}},"urlIsAjaxTrusted":{"\/wood-archives\/wood-products-magazine\/european_birch_127691818.html":true},"disqus":{"domain":"woodworkingnetwork","url":"https:\/\/www.woodworkingnetwork.com\/wood-archives\/wood-products-magazine\/european_birch_127691818.html","title":"European Birch","identifier":"node\/173628","token":"c3fb58461e2cd5043423398b2aa7ece2","callbacks":{"onNewComment":["Drupal.disqus.notifyAuthor","Drupal.disqus.notifyAuthor"]}}}); The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. For the racehorse, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T62535A3115662.en. Smooth, white, flaky; peels into papery strips; Distribution & Uses. This tree commonly grows with the mycorrhizal fungus Amanita muscaria in a mutualistic relationship. Russians used birch bark to tan leather and it is sometimes used to burn fuel. From shop blueskiesforever. A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. See this plant in the following landscape: 'dimension6': 'track', ", Birches are found around the globe in higher northern latitudes. [10], Three subspecies of silver birch are accepted:[11][1], B. pendula is distinguished from the related B. pubescens, the other common European birch, in having hairless, warty shoots (hairy and without warts in downy birch), more triangular leaves with double serration on the margins (more ovoid and with single serrations in downy birch), and whiter bark often with scattered black fissures (greyer, less fissured, in downy birch). There is also Karelian birch, which is a birch burl. They grow best in full sun planted in deep, well-drained soil.[29]. The average trees are known for their ability to withstand extreme heat and cold. Betula pendula Silver birch 3,000 seeds European White Birch SEEDMALL. The twigs are slender and often pendulous and the leaves are roughly triangular with doubly serrate margins and turn yellow in autumn before they fall. "Both birches and alders, the closest cousins, are lightweight trees of the forest’s edge, adapted to poor land and extremes of either drought or damp," writes Hugh Johnson in The Encyclopedia of Trees. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 to 1.8 in) br… The species is monoecious with male and female catkins found on the same tree. European birch is often used for plywood in Finland and other countries. [25] The removal of bark was at one time so widespread that Carl Linnaeus expressed his concern for the survival of the woodlands. They are sticky with resin at first, but this dries as they age, leaving small, white scales. European White Birch Tree Tags (ITEM# TT-15) 4" x 6" medium .070 gauge tan poly with green print. This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. The dead twigs are also useful as kindling for outdoor fires. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. [20] This disease also affects B. pubescens and in 2000 was reported at many of the sites planted with birch in Scotland during the 1990s. Because the birch sprouts early, it is … Betula species most often marketed as lumber include Betula pendula, Betula alba, Betula pubescens and Betular odorata. 'dimension5': 'joannkaiser', [6], Several varieties of B. pendula are no longer accepted, including B. pendula var. The bronze birch borer is common east of the Cascades but was essentially unknown in western Oregon before 2003; now it is becoming an increasing problem in the Portland area and Corvallis. Toothy, diamond-shaped foliage emerges glossy green in spring. It is also native to northern Morocco and has become naturalised in some other parts of the world. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.visitPage(); COMMON NAMES The immature male catkins are present during the winter, but the female catkins develop in the spring, soon after the leaves unfurl. This applies particularly to acidic or nutrient-poor soils. Birch Essential Oil Uses Birch Essential Oil varies in usage depending on the tree of extraction. Voss Signs® Tree Tags are descriptive tree ID tags. White bark. It is sometimes used as a pioneer and nurse tree elsewhere. [CDATA[//>